By ArabicTree | October 28, 2008
Recall that all verbs in Arabic are intransitive or transitive. Intransitive means they don’t take a maf’ool (recipient of the verb), such as kharaja. Transitive means they take a maf’ool, such as akala or shariba.
But can a verb take more than one maf’ool?
The answer is yes. Although it’s rare in Arabic, there are some verbs that take more than one maf’ool (recipient of the verb). An example of this is the verb ‘allama (عَلَّمَ). ‘Allama, which means “to teach,” takes two maf’ool bihi–a who and a what.
Allah (SWT) says in Surah Baqarah, verse 31:
Translation: And He (Allah) taught Adam the names of all things … [Surah Baqarah, verse 31]
Here, we see this verb in action. Who is the faa’il? It’s a dameer mustateer, a hidden huwa. What are the two maf’ool bihi? One is Adam (which is mansoob), and one is asmaa’a (which is also mansoob). Kullahaa is just a description of asmaa’a.
Notice, there’s nothing unusual here. The faa’il is a regular faa’il; the maf’ools here are normal, albeit there are two of them. Both are mansoob, both show it with fatha, as you would expect.
What are some other verbs that take two (or more!) maf’ools? Share them insha’Allah in the comments!