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    Lam Makes Mudaari’ Verbs Majzoom

    By ArabicTree | December 9, 2008

    First, what is majzoom? In Arabic grammar, there are four cases–marfoo’ (the default), which shows as damma; majruwr, which shows as kasra; and mansoob, which shows as fatha. (These are for the normal cases.) These three, you probably know; there’s a fourth case, called majzoom, which is when a word ends with sukoon.

    Incidentally, Mudaari’ verbs can be marfoo (the default), mansoob (with particles like lan), and majzoom (with particles like lam). Lam (not laam, but lam: لم) is one particle that makes mudaari’ verbs majzoom!

    The best and most well-known example of this is in Surah Al-Ikhlaas. Allah says:

    لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ
    وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُواً أَحَدٌ

    [Surah Ikhlaas, verses 3-4]

    You’ll notice in these two verses:

    And what does Lam mean? Allahu ‘alim what exactly it means; it’s some sort of particle of negation.

    You can also see this in Surah Al-Kahf. Allah says:

    الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَى عَبْدِهِ الْكِتَابَ وَلَمْ يَجْعَل لَّهُ عِوَجَا

    Here, again, you see lam; and yaj’al is made majzoom because of lam!

    That’s it! Easy, right? Alhamdulillah, the Qur’an is easy to comprehend.

    Topics: Grammar, Intermediate | 2 Comments »

    2 Responses to “Lam Makes Mudaari’ Verbs Majzoom”

    1. Ali Says:
      December 20th, 2009 at 5:11 pm

      Essalamualaykum I was wondering if you can add my blogsite on your blogroll. I have already added yours on mines and I would greatly appreciated if you can do the same. Anyway selam and take care and many thanks once again if you can do this :).

    2. Najma Says:
      August 20th, 2010 at 5:48 am

      Excellent thanks,
      May I add, the English for the following
      (I haven’t seen it in your website yet – it maybe there somewhere)
      marfoo’ (the default) = Nominative in English, which shows as damma;
      majruwr, = Genitive in English which shows as kasra;
      and mansoob,= Accusative in English which shows as fatha.
      majzoom, = Jussive which is when a word ends with sukoon.
      salaams, helps clear confusion.