By ArabicTree | December 9, 2008
First, what is majzoom? In Arabic grammar, there are four cases–marfoo’ (the default), which shows as damma; majruwr, which shows as kasra; and mansoob, which shows as fatha. (These are for the normal cases.) These three, you probably know; there’s a fourth case, called majzoom, which is when a word ends with sukoon.
Incidentally, Mudaari’ verbs can be marfoo (the default), mansoob (with particles like lan), and majzoom (with particles like lam). Lam (not laam, but lam: لم) is one particle that makes mudaari’ verbs majzoom!
The best and most well-known example of this is in Surah Al-Ikhlaas. Allah says:
وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُواً أَحَدٌ
[Surah Ikhlaas, verses 3-4]
You’ll notice in these two verses:
- Yalid is majzoom, because of lam!
- Yuwlad is majzoom, because of lam!
- Yakun is majzoom, because of lam!
And what does Lam mean? Allahu ‘alim what exactly it means; it’s some sort of particle of negation.
You can also see this in Surah Al-Kahf. Allah says:
Here, again, you see lam; and yaj’al is made majzoom because of lam!
That’s it! Easy, right? Alhamdulillah, the Qur’an is easy to comprehend.