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    Prepositions (Huruwf-ul-Jarr)

    Saturday, November 17th, 2007

    Prepositions–Huruwf-ul-Jarr–cause the word that follows them to become majruwr. In Arabic, the prepositions are: fiy, ila, ‘ala, min, li, ma’a, bi, hatta, mundhu, ‘an, and ka; the meaning varies, depending on the context, but we’ve listed the common meanings, as well as some examples to clarify usage. Prepositions cannot occur back-to-back.

    Possessive Case (Mudaf and Mudaf Ilayh)

    Saturday, November 10th, 2007

    The possessive case is when you have something or someone that owns/has something else. For example, “the book of Allah”–Allah is the possessor, and the book is the possessed. Or, in “her pen,” she (someone) is the possessor, and the pen is the possessed.
    In Arabic, the possessor is called the mudaf ilayh, and [...]

    Definite and Indefinite

    Saturday, November 3rd, 2007

    Arabic has two types of nouns: definite and indefinite. (Definite means it’s something specific–the tree in front of you, your bag, the student’s book, etc. Indefinite means it’s not specific–a tree, a car, a book, a bag.)
    Words with double tanween are indefinite, while words with single tanween and alif-lam in front of them) [...]

    The Interrogative Particle

    Saturday, October 27th, 2007

    There are two interrogative particles: alif-with-hamza (َأ) and “hal” (حَل). Both mean roughly the same thing, and can be used to ask a variety of questions, such as “is”, “are”, and “did”.

    Sound Masculine Plural

    Wednesday, August 29th, 2007

    Sound masculine plurals end with -uwna in the marfoo’ case (eg. Muslimuwna), and -iyna in the majruwr and mansoob case (eg. Muslimiyna). Other patterns exist, broken masculine patterns.

    The Number System From 1-2

    Wednesday, August 22nd, 2007

    In Arabic, the numbers one and two are NOT actually numbers, but adjectives–this is because the form of words already implies if the object is singular, dual, or plural. How do we use these numbers, then? For emphasis.

    Laysa (Not)

    Tuesday, August 7th, 2007

    Laysa means “is not” or “was not.” It’s conjugated the same way as a maadi verb. You can use laysa by itself, or with the preposition bi. The mubtada becomes “ismu laysa,” and is marfoo’; the khabar becomes “khabaru laysa,” and is mansoob.

    Adjectives (Na’at and Man’oot)

    Saturday, August 4th, 2007

    The adjective (na’at) must match the described (man’oot) in four things: number, gender, case, and definitivity. The na’at FOLLOWS the man’oot. See the examples!

    Feminine Words Without Ta-Marbuwta

    Thursday, July 26th, 2007

    As you may remember, singular feminine words in Arabic end with ta-marbuwta (ة)–with a handful of exceptions. Some of these exceptions are:

    Ash-Shams (الشَمسُ): the sun
    Qidrun (قِدرٌ): pot
    Harbun (حَربٌ): war

    Also, any body-part that humans have in pairs is considered feminine. This includes:

    3ynun (عَينٌ): eyes
    2thnun (أُثنٌ): ears
    Yahdun (يَهدٌ): hands

    Word Gender

    Saturday, July 7th, 2007

    All nouns in Arabic fall into one of two genders: masculine (muthakkar) or feminine (mu’annath). There IS no third, gender-neutral version–though the masculine can be used to mean both. Many words have both masculine and feminine versions.

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